This feature is part of an experiment being sponsored by omni to help
scientists refine certain dream techniques now being studied in the lab.
The full experiment appeared in OMNI Magazine. The exercises presented
here are for those who might want to attempt a little lucid dreaming on
Most people don't realize they've been dreaming until after they've
awakened and the dream has come to an end. Some people, however, are
conscious that they're dreaming. These people -- called LUCID dreamers --
can literally direct the content of a dream, scientists have discovered,
deciding perhaps to talk physics with Einstein, woo and marry a movie
star, or assume the powers of Superman. For those who have acquired the
knack of lucidity, the benefits can be enormous: Lucid dreaming gives one
the chance to experience unique and compelling adventures rarely surpassed
elsewhere in life. These experiences can enhance self-confidence and
promote personal growth and self-development. By facing fears and learning
to make the best of the worst situation imaginable, lucid dreamers can
overcome nightmares. Because recent scientific studies have demonstrated a
strong connection between dreams and the biological functioning of the
body, lucid dreams might facilitate physical as well as mental health. And
finally, because lucid dreaming allows us to tap the power of the
unconscious, it may also be useful for creative problem solving.
After nearly a decade of piloting these daring nocturnal flights, two
psychologists -- Stephen LaBerge of Stanford University and author of
Lucid Dreaming [Ballantine], and Jayne Gackenbach of the University of
Northern Iowa -- have begun to develop a series of techniques aimed at
helping ordinary dreamers "turn" lucid and lucid dreamers gain greater
control over the woolly behemoth of night. These special techniques, still
under development, have never before been presented in a public forum. To
direct your own nightly dream-time show, please attempt exercises one,
two, three and four as outlined below. LaBerge and Gackenback suggest that
you do the tasks as often as possible over a 2-week period. Some people
may succeed in having a lucid dream the first night they use the
techniques; others, the researchers note, may need to practice for
several weeks before getting results.
A number of techniques facilitate lucid dreaming. One of the simplest is
asking yourself many times during the day whether you are dreaming. Each
time you ask the question, you should look for evidence proving you are
not dreaming. The most reliable test: Read something, look away for a
moment, and then read it again. If it reads the same way twice, it is
unlikely that you are dreaming. After you have proved to yourself that you
are not presently dreaming, visualize yourself doing whatever it is you'd
like. Also, tell yourself that you want to recognize a nighttime dream the
next time it occurs. The mechanism at work here is simple; it's much the
same as picking up milk at the grocery store after reminding yourself to
do so an hour before.
At night people usually realize they are dreaming when they experience
unusual or bizarre occurrences. For instance, if you find yourself flying
without visible means of support, you should realize that this happens
only in dreams and that you must therefore be dreaming. If you awaken from
a dream in the middle of the night, it is very helpful to return to the
dream immediately, in your imagination. Now envision yourself recognizing
the dream as such. Tell yourself, "The next time I am dreaming, I want to
remember to recognize that I am dreaming." If your intention is strong and
clear enough, you may find yourself in a lucid dream when you return to
EXERCISE TWO: DREAM FLYING
Many lucid dreamers report dreams in which they fly unaided, much like
Superman. Some lucid dreamers say that flying is a thrilling means of
travel; others, that it has helped them return from one of the more
harrowing dream experiences -- the endless fall. Flying is so important
because it's a form of dream control that's fairly easy to master. It
gives the dreamer an exhilarating sense of freedom. And it's a basic means
of travel in the dream world. During the 2-week period of your experiment,
try to focus on dream flight. If you're falling, turn that fall into
flight: Remember, there's no gravity in dreams. And if you're simply going
from here to there, do it with flight. This simple activity will cue you
in to the fact that you are, after all, in a dream.
How do you make dream flight happen at all? We suggest that before you
retire for bed, you simply repeat these words: "Tonight I fly!" Then,
while still awake, imagine that journey. If you find yourself flying, it
will be a clear sign that you are in a dream. In any case, when you
realize you're dreaming, remember that you want to fly. When you actually
feel yourself flying, say, "This is a dream." Make sure you start
modestly, by simply floating above the surface of your dream ground. As
you gain confidence both in the notion that you are dreaming and in your
ability to control that experience, you might experiment with flying a bit
more. Run, taking big leaps, and then stay aloft for a few seconds, so
that you resemble an astronaut walking on the moon. Try sustained floating
and then flying at low altitudes.
As your confidence increases, so will your flying skills. While asleep,
work on increasing your altitude, maneuverability, and speed. As with
speed sports, you should perfect height and maneuverability before speed.
Of course, you couldn't really hurt yourself -- it's only a dream. But you
COULD get scared. After you have become proficient in dream flying,
remember to ask yourself these questions: "How high can I fly? Can I view
the earth from outer space? Can I travel so fast that I lose awareness of
my surroundings and experience the sensation of pure speed?" Throughout
your efforts in dream flight, remember that you're in a dream. With this
in mind, your fear will be held at bay, and your control over the dream
will be greatly enhanced.
EXERCISE THREE: DREAM SPINNING
Even if you're a frequent lucid dreamer, you may not be able to stop
yourself from waking up in mid-dream. And even if your dreams do reach a
satisfying end, you may not be able to focus them exactly as you please.
During our years of research, however, we have found that spinning your
dream body can sustain the period of sleep and give you greater dream
control. In fact, many subjects at Stanford University have used the
spinning technique as an effective means of staying in a lucid dream. The
task outlined below will help you use spinning as a means of staying
asleep, and, more exciting, as a means of traveling to whatever dream
world you desire.
As with dream flying, the dream spinning task starts before you go to bed.
Before retiring, decide on a person, time, and place you would like to
visit in your lucid dream. The target person and place can be either real
or imaginary, past, present or future. Write down and memorize your target
person and place, then visualize yourself visiting your target and firmly
resolve to do so in a dream that night. When following this procedure,
it's possible that you might find yourself visiting your target in a
non-lucid dream; you will be aware that this has happened, of course, only
after you awaken. Nevertheless, you should strive for lucidity by
following the techniques outlined in exercise one. Then proceed to your
To do so, repeat the phrase describing your target in your dream, and spin
your whole dream body in a standing position with your arms outstretched.
You can pirouette or spin like a top, as long as you vividly feel your
body in motion. The same spinning technique will help when, in the middle
of a lucid dream, you feel the dream imagery beginning to fade. To avoid
waking up, spin as you repeat your target phrase again and again. With
practice, you'll return to your target person, time and place. When
spinning, try to notice whether you are moving in a clockwise or
EXERCISE FOUR: CREATIVE DREAMING
Up until now we have had little control over the occurrence of creative
dreams. But with lucid dreaming it may be possible to intentionally access
the creativity of the dream state. You can help determine the feasibility
of this idea by attempting to solve a problem in a lucid dream. Before
bed, decide on a problem you would like to solve. Frame your problem in
the form of a question. For example, "What is the topic of my next book?"
"How can I become less shy?" If you have an illness, you might consider
the problem, "How can I regain my health?"
Once you have selected a problem question, write it down and memorize it.
When doing the lucid-dreaming introduction exercises, remember your
question and see yourself looking for the answer in your next lucid dream.
Then, when in a lucid dream, ask the question and seek the solution. You
might be most successful at problem solving if you try a direct approach.
For instance, if your problem is health, try to heal yourself in your
dream. Then reflect on how your dream solution relates to the waking
problem. It may help to question other dream characters, especially if
they represent people who you think might know the answer. You can even
combine this task with the dream spinning and flying tasks, visiting an
expert on your problem. You can also just explore your dream world with
your question in mind, looking for any clues that might suggest an
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